Journal of the stylistic of Persian poem and prose
Journal of the stylistic of Persian poem and prose شماره 90

volume Number : 16
number In Volume : 8
issue Number : 90

Journal of the stylistic of Persian poem and prose
volume Number 16، number In Volume 8، ، issue Number 90

Analyzing the components of anger and compensation mechanism based on Alfred Adler's psychology in the poems of Mehdi Akhavan Sales

Maryam Saemi , Ali Eshghi Sardehi (Author in Charge), Seyyed Ali Akbar

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The prominent Austrian psychologist, Alfred Adler, by using a method in individualistic psychology based on paying attention to internal aspects such as anger and feelings of inferiority, contrary to Freud, who considered human actions to be the result of instinct, stated that human actions and behavior are the result of circumstances is social; Among the contemporary poets, Akhavan Sales is one of the artists whose anger can be seen in his thoughts and poems. The main goal of this research is to examine Alfred Adler"s individualistic theory and the component of anger in his opinion in the poems of the Akhavan Sales as one of the prominent poets of contemporary Iranian literature, whose protest and anger feature prominently in his poems. METHODOLOGY: In this research, we have used the descriptive-analytical method based on library studies. The examined samples were systematically and purposefully selected randomly from the collection of Mahdi Akhavan Sales poems. FINDINGS: The social environment, the surrounding world and human relationships with others can cause negative feedback and anger in a person according to Alfred Adler"s individualistic theory; The perspective of the research shows that anger is one of the important behavioral characteristics of Mahdi Akhavan Sales in his poems, which is the result of his protest against the anomalies and suffocation in the society. CONCLUSION: Factors such as the poet"s introverted mood, emotional failure in his youth, going to prison, the coup d"état on August 28, restricting freedom of expression and political suppression, the dispersion of friends, unemployment, and the death of a child are among the factors involved and effective in expressing anger, violence, and aggression of the Akhavan Sales. It is among his compositions.

Alfred Adler , anger , compensation mechanism , Mehdi Akhavan Sales , psychological criticism.

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