Journal of the stylistic of Persian poem and prose
Journal of the stylistic of Persian poem and prose شماره 96

volume Number : 17
number In Volume : 2
issue Number : 96

Journal of the stylistic of Persian poem and prose
volume Number 17، number In Volume 2، ، issue Number 96

A comparative study of the structure of the narrative plan in the theory of structuralism In the poems "Laili and Majnoon" by Nizami Ganjavi and "Mem and Zain" by Ahmad Khani

Mina Salari , Seyed Ali Akbar (Author in Charge), Abolghasem Amirahmadi


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Among the remaining literary works, the story occupies a large part and every story written in the past and present has elements that each of these elements contribute to the success or failure of a story and its author. It plays an important role. The theory of structuralism regarding cognition examines narratives based on the rules and patterns created by the fundamental structure. The plot is one of the most important elements of the narrative and the main component that is analyzed in the structuralists" analysis. The two books "Mam and Zain" in Kurdish literature and "Laili and Majnoon" in Persian literature can be compared in the field of constructivist plot theory due to their structural and semantic similarities and the characters of the lover and the beloved.

METHODOLOGY: This research is descriptive-analytical and with the help of library sources, it has studied the narrative structure of the lyrical plot of Nizami"s "Laili and Majnoon" in Persian literature and Ahmed Khani"s "Mem and Zain" in Kurdish literature.

FINDINGS: The findings of the present research show that in both narratives we are faced with a romantic genre that has a similar design and the same narrative flow. In both stories, there is an introduction including the introduction of the characters, place and time, and the stories move towards the climax while creating a knot.

CONCLUSION: The resolution in these two narratives is similar to the end of modern stories, and it seems that the narrator has left it to the audience, because the story is not resolved. In terms of the plot structure, there are many similarities between the two stories, and in both stories, a lot of suffering is inflicted on the lovers.

Nizami Ganjovi , Ahmadkhan , Laili and Majnoon , Mem and Zain , structuralism , design.

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