- Count View : 25
- Doi: 10.22034/bahareadab.2023 .16 .7103
Journal of the stylistic of Persian poem and prose
volume Number 16، number In Volume 8، ، issue Number 90
The stylistics of Jaleh (Alamtaj) Qaem-Maqami's poems
Asghar Khalili , Arash Moshfeghi (Author in Charge), Aziz Hojaji kahjoq
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In Persian literature, the life and poetry of female poets has been affected by the history"s memory insurance and has gradually faded away due to cultural conditions and customary merits and demerits. Jaleh (Alamtaj) is one of the poets of the 13th century of the Hijri, who intellectually has considerable references in the field of women. The purpose of this research is to analyze his poems stylistically in three linguistic, intellectual and literary levels. METHODOLOGY: This research was done with descriptive-analytical method and library study tool. FINDINGS: What emerges from his poems (poems and fragments) is that his language is simple and far from complicated, although in terms of vocabulary and syntax, it is close to the Khorasani style, and there are not a few heavy Arabic and old Persian words in it. On the other hand, modern interpretations and allusions and words such as samovar, Zinger wheel, cigar, telegraph, tube, and flash are also seen in his poems. Baligh simile among expressive arts and pun among innovative arts are at the top of the rhetorical techniques of his poetry. He has used his poetry to express his opinions and his main concern is the problems of women. Also, Jaleh does not have a positive view on issues such as child marriage, polygamy, having children and even marriage, and expresses his progressive opinions in this field with carelessness. CONCLUSION: Jaleh, who is considered one of the poets of the constitutional era, is the first woman who boldly spoke about women"s rights. Unfortunately, only 917 verses of his poems are available and he burned them. Therefore, judgment about his words cannot be complete and true. despite this strong and old language that sometimes comes close to colloquialism; medium rhetorical level; And his concern about women"s issues, and the femininity of his poetry, are the four main characteristics of his poetry.
Jaleh Qaem Maqami , poetry , stylistics , woman
- The Holy Quran
- Anvari, Hassan. (2004). Dictionary of Sokhan Allusions, Volume 1, Tehran: Sokhan.
- Jovaini, Atamalek. (2003). Tarikh Jahangoshai, corrected by Mohammad Qazvini, first volume, Tehran: Donyae Ketab.
- Qaem Maghami, Jaleh. (1995). Divan of Poems, edited and edited by Poulad Farrokhzad, Tehran: Ma Publications.
- Taheri, Zahra. (2014). The silence of the old mirrors, the life and poetry of Alamtaj Qaem Maghami, Tehran: Sales.
- Yousefi, Gholamhossein. (2005). "Iran's First Feminist Poet: Jaleh Qaem Maghami" Hafez Magazine, No. 21, pp. 75-91.