Journal of the stylistic of Persian poem and prose
Journal of the stylistic of Persian poem and prose شماره 50

volume Number : 13
number In Volume : 4
issue Number : 50

Article Info
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Journal of the stylistic of Persian poem and prose
volume Number 13، number In Volume 4، ، issue Number 50

The Role of Eloquence in Bidel and Kalim's Humorous Poems

Sadraghaed Ali, Hamid Tabasi(Author in Charge), Abolqasem Radfar

Abstract
Investigation of satirical poems of Indian style poets can provide insights into a new history that is different from that covered in the historical books. This history offers a detailed description of a nation that lived in Iran during the 11th and 12th centuries AH and covers social, ethical, cultural, religious and other aspects of their lives. In other words, the Indian style gives an account of the history of unrests, turmoil and cruelties that have, unlike pure history that is never repeated, been plaguing human societies over the course of history. In their satirical poetry, Indian style poets draw on literary-artistic language and mysterious rhetoric styles to address the reflective and wise people. In the present descriptive-analytical study attempts are made to investigate the influence of rhetorical techniques on the satirical poems of two famous Indian style poets namely Bidel Dehlavi and Kalim Kashani. To this end, the satirical poems of these two poets were studied and their rhetorical elements were identified. According to the results, Allegorical satire which is characterized by significant number of rhetorical elements account for the bulk of satirical language in their poetry. In the present article attempts are made to figure out which rhetorical elements play the most significant role in Bidel and Kalim"s satirical style.

Keyword
satire , rhetoric , Indian style , Bidel , Kalim

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