Journal of the stylistic of Persian poem and prose
Journal of the stylistic of Persian poem and prose شماره 50

volume Number : 13
number In Volume : 4
issue Number : 50

Article Info
  • Count View : 406

Journal of the stylistic of Persian poem and prose
volume Number 13، number In Volume 4، ، issue Number 50

Review about compose couplet in the Baba taher style

Abdolrasoul Forotan(Author in Charge), Abdolreza Seif

Abstract
The most famous couplets of Persian literature are related to Baba taher. In these songs, which are written very simple in Lori accent, a pure mysticism and poem’s lovesickness can be seen. A few centuries after Baba taher, poets such as Pur-e Fereydun, Sufi-e Mazandarani and etc. have also composed folk, romance and tragic couplets which some of them came to the Baba taher’s book of poems because of their similarity to his poems. The poets of these couplets have not tried to imitate the poetry of Baba taher, But in the period of literary return, which the poets compose poem in the style of old ones, especially the great poets of Khorasani and Iraqi styles, Few of the poets, such as Izadi-e Kazeruni and Qafel-e Firuzabadi, were interested in Baba Taher’s poetry style and they composed couplets in Lori accent and Baba Taher’s poetry style; While of them were from Fars region and did not speak to Lori accent; Even Izadi’s parentage came to Najd Arabs with several mediators. In the Divan of these two poets or in the biography books it is clearly mentioned that these couplets are "in Baba Taher’s poetry style". Different factors make the similarities and differences of this couplets to the Baba taher’s couplets. In this article, we review them and their success rate in following the style of Baba Taher. During the Qajar period, there was also a famous poet of couplets named Fayez Dashti which, although in some cases, has been influenced by Baba Taher"s songs, but his poetry cannot be considered in Baba Taher’s poetry style.

Keyword
Baba Taher Hamedani , couplets , Style , Imitation , Izadi-e Kazeruni , Qafel-e Firuzabadi

Reference
  • Sadr Sadat Salami Kazeruni (2002), Reza's works, edited by Zahra Khoshboei and Musa Motaharzadeh, Tehran, Kazeruniyeh
  • Sedaghat Kish, J (2000), Porferidon Poems in Printed Verses of Babataher Poems, Journal of Human Research, No. 1, p. 239
  • Homayouni, p. (2004), Izadi Kazeruni and local songs, Book of the Month Book Magazine, No. 67, p. 62
  • Mazlumzadeh, Mohammad Mehdi (2002), Izadi Kazeruni, by the efforts of Emadeddin Sheikh Al-Hakmaei, Tehran, Kazeruniyeh
  • Rashidi, N. and Ansari, A. (2011), A Study of the Large Duplex Construction of Babataher Hamedani, Bustan Adab, Third Year, No. 2, p. 123
  • Khatami, Ahmad (1373), History of Iranian Literature in the Period of Literary Return, Tehran, Paya
  • Safa, Zabihollah (1999), History of Literature in Iran, Tehran, Ferdows
  • Shoaa Al-Molk Shirazi, Mohammad Hossein (2001), Tazkereh Shoaieh, by Mahmoud Tavousi, Shiraz, Persian Studies Foundation
  • Shoaa Al-Molk Shirazi, Mohammad Hossein, Tazkereh Shoaieh, manuscript preserved in the Central Library of the University of Tehran, No. 305
  • Shoaa Al-Molk Shirazi, Mohammad Hossein (2013), Tazkereh Shakeristan Pars, by Abdolrasoul Forootan, Qom, Islamic Reserves Association
  • Sheikh Mofid (1992), Tazkereh Marat Al-Fasaha, by Mahmoud Tavousi, Shiraz, Navid Shiraz
  • Fayez Dashti, Mohammad Ali (1988), Fayez Songs, Tehran, Qoghnos
  • Divan Beigi, Seyed Ahmad (1985), The Poetry Hadith, by Abdolhossein Navai, Tehran, Zarrin
  • Roknzadeh Adamit, Mohammad Hossein (1940), Persian Scientists and Speakers, Tehran, Khayyam
  • Babataher Hamedani (1347), Divan, by Hassan Vahid Dastgerdi, Tehran, Ibn Sina
  • Sufi Mazandarani (1347), by Shahab Taheri, Tehran, Ibn Sina
  • Aqabzorg Tehrani (1403), Al-Dari'ah al-Tasanif al-Shi'ah, Beirut, Dar al-Azwa
  • Minorsky, Vladimir (1375), Biography of Babataher, translated by Parviz Azkaei, Tehran, Toos
  • Shamisa, Sirus (2003), Poetry Stylistics, Tehran, Ferdows
  • Mine Can, M (2003), Babataher Character, Farhangistan Letter, Volume 6, Number 2, Page 125
  • Maghsoud, Javad (1997), Description of the life and works and two verses of Babataher Eryan, Tehran, Association of Cultural Works and Honors
  • Ghazali, Mohammad (2004), The Alchemy of Happiness, by Hossein Khadiojam, Tehran, Elmi va Farhangi