Journal of the stylistic of Persian poem and prose
Journal of the stylistic of Persian poem and prose شماره 96

volume Number : 17
number In Volume : 2
issue Number : 96

Journal of the stylistic of Persian poem and prose
volume Number 17، number In Volume 2، ، issue Number 96

Investigating the stylistic features of female language at the syntactic level in the novels "Jazireh Sargandari" and "Sarban Sargandari" by Simin Daneshvar based on Robin Likaf's approach

Roya Rahimi , Latifeh Salamat Bavil (Author in Charge), Ahmad Khayali Khatibi

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the syntactic characteristics of an author"s style, the extent of his departure from standard and basic syntax should be explained. The standard syntax is the normal form of the placement of sentence components in any language, which is neutral and without prominence. Therefore, it is not possible to understand anything about the author"s mind and thoughts through it; But if the position of one of the components of the sentence changes compared to its natural form, the standard syntax, it can be used as a point for stylistic reflection; Because based on the theory of symmetry of style and thought, these two issues are always together and there is a two-way relationship between them. Simple structure and syntax is one of the domains that determine the style and manner of expression of each work and has an effect on the coherence of the work. The structure of sentences and the arrangement of words in each work represent its grammatical and syntactic style, which in the end leads to the recognition and explanation of the author"s style. According to this goal, some marked syntactic constructions based on the theory of DSL have been comparatively analyzed in order to show details of this writer"s art of feminism in the field of patterns and syntactic structures, to know their methods in representing the social status of women through syntactic structures. be taken away Among the syntactically marked constructions, more focus has been placed on "transposition of sentence components" and "changes in syntactic arrangement". Robin Likoff states that if we leave the words aside and go to the syntax, we find that a large part of women"s speech is "syntactically" unconventional.

METHODOLOGY: The present study tries to use the analytical-adaptive approach to show how Simin Daneshvar, as a writer who writes about women, uses different and diverse grammatical and syntactic constructions of markers by considering the linguistic and situational context in Has the induction service placed its desired meaning and message?

FINDINGS: The research findings show that this author, with self-awareness, has meaningfully used some syntactic structures in the service of inducing meaning and attracting the audience"s attention, and the hypotheses considered by Robin Likoff in the field of the influence of women"s social position on patterns They have confirmed their speech. Unlike other languages, including English, the Persian language provides a large potential capacity in the field of syntactic patterns to the users of this language in the field of prose and prose.

CONCLUSION: The language of the fictional female characters in the two novels "Wandering Island" and "Sarban Wanderer" is in line with the predictions of Robin Likoff at the level of language syntax.

Keyword
gender linguistics , feminine language , The approach of Robin Likaf , Simin Daneshvar.

Reference
  • Batani, Mohammad Reza (2015). Description of Persian grammar structure, Tehran: Amirkabir.
  • Todorov, Tzutan (1377). Bakhtin's Dialogue Logic, translated by Dariush Karimi, Tehran: Markaz.
  • Jurjani, Abdul Qahir (1984). Dalai al-Ijaz, suspension of Mahmoud Mohammad Shakir, Cairo: Al-Khanji School.
  • Daneshvar, Simin (2001), Sarban Sarbandari, Tehran: Khwarazmi. 5. Daneshvar, Simin (2017), Wandering Island, Tehran: Kharazmi.
  • Raskhmohand, Mohammad (2013). "Investigating the interaction of syntax and phonology in the construction of Persian information", Proceedings of the 6th Linguistics Conference of Allameh Tabataba’i University, 143-166.
  • Seyed Qasim, Leila; Muezzin, Ruhollah (2013). "Examination of the similarities of Abdul Qahir Jarjani's theories in the pragmatics of language and Holliday's role-ism", Adab Pazhuhi, No. 28, 111-130.
  • Shafii-Kadkani, Mohammad Reza (1379). Poetry music, Tehran: Age, 6th edition.
  • ------ (2012) Resurrection of words, Tehran: Sokhn, first edition.
  • Fatuhi, Mahmoud (2011). Stylistics (theories, approaches and methods), Tehran: Sokhn, first edition.
  • Farshidord, Khosrow (2010). Synthesis and derivation in Persian language, by Mohammad Reza Shabani, Tehran: Zavvar.
  • Lazar, Gilbert (2005). The formation of the Persian language, translated by Mehsti Bahraini, Tehran: Hermes and Center for the Dialogue of Civilizations.
  • Mill, John Stewart (2016), Inferiority of Women, translated by N. Nourizadeh, Tehran: Qaseida-Sera Publishing House.
  • Mahmoudi Bakhtiari, Behrouz and Dehghani, Maryam (2012), The relationship between language and gender in the contemporary Persian novel: a review of six novels, Women in Culture and Art, Volume 5, Volume 4: pp. 543-565.
  • Mahmoudi Bakhtiari, Behrouz and Dehghani, Maryam (2012), The relationship between language and gender in the contemporary Persian novel: a review of six novels, Women in Culture and Art, Volume 5, Number 4: pp. 543-556.
  • Mokhtari, Qasim and Derakhshan, Masoumeh (2014), "Comparative study of linguistic and intellectual style and analysis of gender language in the poems of Parvin Etisami and Nazq-ul-Malakeh", Comparative Literature Research Quarterly, Volume 5, Number 17: pp. 125- 105.
  • Najafi, Abulhasan (2007). Basics of Linguistics, Tehran: Nilofar.