Journal of the stylistic of Persian poem and prose
Journal of the stylistic of Persian poem and prose شماره 96

volume Number : 17
number In Volume : 2
issue Number : 96

Journal of the stylistic of Persian poem and prose
volume Number 17، number In Volume 2، ، issue Number 96

Comparison of intellectual and literary aspects of Hafez Shirazi and Salman Sawoji's poems

Sahar Mostafavizadeh , Saeed Roozbahani (Author in Charge), Abolghasem Amirahmadi

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Salman Sawoji and Hafez Shirazi are two great ghazal poets of the 8th century and are contemporary with each other. It is known that Hafez has used many poets" divans and has used countless terms, combinations and descriptions, even stanzas and verses almost completely from them in his sonnets. Therefore, Salman"s influence on Hafez is more logical and reasonable. In this article, an attempt has been made to compare the poems of these two poets on two intellectual and literary levels.

METHODOLOGY: The type of research method in this research is descriptive-analytical.

FINDINGS: At the intellectual level, both poets" mystical drink is destructive and romantic mysticism. There are also critical and social themes in the poetry of these two poets, which are mostly expressed as satire; But Salman does not have Hafez"s almost fixed and specific theory about Sufi and Sufism. At the literary level, the poems of Hafez and Salman are very similar. The most characteristic feature of Hafez"s style is the use of allusions and their types, which is also present in Salman"s poetry. Salman"s sonnets and odes are full of poetic and elaborate ideas, and some have considered Hafez"s style to be close to Salman"s style in this regard.

CONCLUSION: There are common intellectual and literary themes in the poetry of Hafez and Salman, and Hafez was influenced and benefited from Salman Sawoji in some intellectual and literary commonalities, and he accepted these themes; But as it is evident and certain, Hafez"s poetry is placed in a higher and higher order than Salman"s poetry (due to its artistic value).

Keyword
Hafez Shirazi , Salman Savaji , intellectual and literary level , comparison

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