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- Doi: 10.22034/bahareadab.2023 .15 .6803
Journal of the stylistic of Persian poem and prose
volume Number 15، number In Volume 12، ، issue Number 82
Examining the archetype of the veil in Saadi's works
Seyyed Mohammad Hossein Hasheminejad , Saeed Khairkhah (Author in Charge), Behruz Atoni
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Literature is one of the most original manifestations and the arena of emergence of unconscious and deep layers of the human psyche. "Mask" in application is a concept of Jung"s psychological terms, which from Jung"s point of view is actually that which is not a person; It is a representation of a personality that is not the same and equal to the person"s real self. Saadi"s works, as a part of literary masterpieces, are rooted in ancient beliefs and ideas and have benefited from the collective unconscious. The purpose of this essay is to show that Saadi"s works include a wide range of archetypal concepts and archetypes from the perspective of archetypal criticism. In this research, among the various archetypes, we will examine the veil archetype in Saadi"s works.
METHODOLOGY: The research method in this article will be descriptive-analytical based on library studies and psychoanalytical criticism based on the archetypal ideas of Carl Gustav Jung. Findings: By using myths, symbols and archetypes, Saadi"s works have a great ability to reflect the deep unconscious layers of the human psyche. Much earlier than psychologists such as Jung, Saadi has paid attention to archetypes such as the mask in his poems and writings, with the knowledge of the human psyche and subconscious mind.
FINDINGS: By using myths, symbols and archetypes, Saadi"s works have a great ability to reflect the deep unconscious layers of the human psyche. Much earlier than psychologists such as Jung, Saadi has paid attention to archetypes such as the mask in his poems and writings, with the knowledge of the human psyche and subconscious mind.
CONCLUSION: Based on the results of this research, in Saadi"s teachings, in line with Jung"s analytical psychology and the collective unconscious, the archetype of the mask can be seen in two positive and negative dimensions in Golestan and Bostan. The basis of Saadi"s teachings is that the way to perfection lies in true asceticism, piety, avoiding hypocrisy, arrogance, boasting, and observing moral standards. Saadi"s type of education can be seen based on the archetype of the niqab in the positive aspect, especially idealism and expediency, and the negative dimension of the niqab can be expressed in the distance from arrogance, pride, hypocrisy, etc.
Saadi , Jung , archetype , mask , psychoanalytic criticism
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