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- Doi: 10.22034/bahareadab.2023 .15 .6773
Journal of the stylistic of Persian poem and prose
volume Number 15، number In Volume 12، ، issue Number 82
Components and factors of mutual influence of Persian and Arabic culture and language in each other
Hadi Sarafrazi , Hassan Bassak (Author in Charge), Mohammad Hossein Khosrovan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The relationship between Iranians and Arabs dates back to prehistoric times, ie to the mythical period, which expanded in the Achaemenid period and deepened in the Sassanid period., Their cultural, social and economic extent.
METHODOLOGY: This article is based on library studies and has been done in a descriptive-analytical manner.
FINDINGS: In the pre-Islamic period, the Arabs had more or less extensive relations with the Iranians, but the Arab invasion and the arrival of Islam in Iran had many effects on the social, political, cultural and economic situation in Iran, especially on the Iranian religion instead of. However, the fledgling Islamic state could not be deprived of the experience and skills of Muslim Iranians in government and court affairs. The use of Arabic language to enter into social and political affairs, encouraging Islam to learn, historical dynasties, etc. The influence of Arabic language in Persian increases.
CONCLUSION: Bilateral migration and migration, border cities, Iranian uprisings against Arabs, Iranians "efforts to learn Arabic for religious and political reasons, Arabs" need for Iranians in governance, science and the formation of courts, the introduction of Iranian wisdom and advice to Arabic literature, Translation movement, etc. are among the important components in the influence of Arabic and Persian culture and literature on each other. Arabic was the language of the Qur"an and the religion of Islam, and the Iranians had no choice but to learn Arabic by accepting the religion of Islam. On the other hand, some Iranians, for other reasons, such as getting involved in politics and struggle, began to learn the Arabic language, and as a result, many Arabic words, phrases, and expressions became available in Persian through the Qur"an and the religion of Islam; And of course many words entered the Arabic language; The words that have been translated from Persian to Arabic are mostly related to the civilizational, cultural and political fields, and most of the words that Persian borrowed from Arabic are related to the religious field.
Iranians , Arabs , influence , divans , governance
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