Stylistic of persian poetry and prose text

volume Number : 14
number In Volume : 1
issue Number : 59

Stylistic of persian poetry and prose text
volume Number 14، number In Volume 1، ، issue Number 59

Stylistic analysis of two parts of Shahnameh (mythological-epic and historical

Fatemeh Jafarinia , Safieh Moradkhani (Author in Charge), Ali Heidari , Mohammad Reza Hassani Jalilian

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The text of the Shahnameh despite the common perception , is not a uniform text and if we accept the views of some Shahnameh scholars on the division of Shahnameh into two parts, mythological and historical , it can be said that in addition to the subject from a stylistic point of view , there are differences between these two parts.

METHODOLOGY: In this research , which has done by analytical – descriptive method , nearly two hundred verses of the two mentioned parts were linguistically examined and compared . The verses have been selected in such a way that from the beginning to the end of Shahnameh, with the exception of Daghighi "s verses, after every thousands verses , four verses have been selected and examined . The obtained statistics are presented and analyzed in three branches of linguistic stylistic , namely phonetic , lexical and syntactic .

FINDINGS: Relying on the study of verses that were selected from two parts of Shahnameh and analyzed , it can be said that this book , contrary to some theories based on its uniformity ,does not have a unified structure and from a stylistic point of view , at different linguistic ,intellectual and literary levels ,there are significant differences in it . In other words , the separation of Shahnameh into two parts , mythical and historical , is not only discussed by the themes , rather , Ferdowsi"s different language and style of expression in each of these two sections is the basis for separation .

CONCLUSION: The research results confirm the aforementioned assumption. Phonetically , the differences indicates the variety and musical and phonetic strength of the first part compared to the second part . Literally , the first part has an older color than the second part by having ancient words and names and using more prefix verbs . At the syntactic level , the precedence of verbs and additional group is effective in blowing the epic spirit to the first part and distinguishes it from the second part .

Keyword
Shahnameh , Myth , History , Stylistics , Linguistic Stylistics

Reference
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