Quarterly Journal methodologies of Persian poetry and prose (Bahar-e-adab)
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Quarterly Journal methodologies of Persian poetry and prose (Bahar-e-adab)
volume Number 11، number In Volume 3، ، issue Number 41

The role of contrast in the structure of odes in Nasser khosrow book of poems

Gholamali Fallah, MohamadReza Irvani(Author in Charge), Habibollah Abbasi, Hamid Abdollahian

Abstract
One of the fundamental performances of the human mind is the creation of contrasts, that deep learning of religions and philosophical schools have formed on the basis of contrasts. Most of the Islamic precepts and its different sects have resulted from contrasts. Nasser khosrow in the finding of reality, followed Ismaeili- Shiite. The basis of the most of the contrasts in Nasser khosrow poems has resulted from theories of Ismaelieh that have intellectual deep structure. Contrast is one of the pivots of forming the structure of the odes of Nasser khosrow. To create literary and mental contents the poet has used a multi layer relation that has a noticeable effect on creating verbal, mental and literary solidarity of his poets. In 30 odes of sample society, 54 contrasts, it means 32 in each ode, has noticed in the structure of odes, that have classified in three sections including semantic and mental contrasts (58/7%), vocabulary and verbal pair contrasts (28/7%) and literary (12/7%). Nasser khosrow, also has used the contrasts in vertical pivot of speech (with less frequency) that composing a lot of verses in the form of odes, pave the way for the poet. By using these contrasts, Nasser khosrow has made a specific distinction and method in his odes.

Keyword
structuralism , structure , contrast , Nasser khosrow , odes